The Charleston Mercury
Saturday, June 9, 1860
The Course of Submission

A few months ago, and Squatter Sovereignity had few or no adherents in the South.  In the Charleston Convention Douglas had not a single vote from the South.  But now everywhere,  in the South, opposition to those who are striving to vindicate the rights of the South in our Territories , has relapsed into Squatterism and Douglasism.  These men see that they will not be sustained defending a naked submission to wrong.  Hence they must apologise for and deny the wrong; and, as a necessary consequence, they must support Douglas, the wrong-doer.  It has been their desire to pursue this policy all along; at least, they have been Presidential speculators under the auspices of  Squatter Sovereignty and Douglas, but public opinion was too strong in the South to countenance their betrayal of the rights of the South.  Now, however, that the Southern States have been driven out of the Charleston Convention, and propose to act separately in the Presidential election, by nominating candidates to reflect their rights, the cry of "disunion" is raised; and under the mask of this diversion they boldly advocate Douglas and Squatter Sovereignty.  This was to have been expected.  It was the course pursued when California was wrested from the South.  It will always be the course, in every issue which shall ever arise, in which the South proposes to vindicate her rights from the aggressions of the North; and if the Southern people have not intelligence enough to see through this hypocrisy and treachery, and energy enough to condemn it, their cause is hopeless.  They must continue to be the subjects of  Northern aggression and spoiliation on the one hand, and of Southern treachery on the other.  If they love party more than their rights---the Union, more than their institutions---it is easy to let them be sacrificed.  The insensate idea that the Democratic Party as now existing (with the whole Northern wing as completely sectionalized as the Black Republican party), is essential to the maintenance of the rights and the intentions of the South, has its precedent only in the worst days of the Italian Republics, when honor and truth were only acknowledged to be derided.  The Charleston Convention had not one single principle in common between the Northern and Southern Democrats.  No set of men ever got together, of more direct vehement antagonisms.  The only hope of any coalescence was in the minority, the South, directly or indirectly surrendering the rights of their section to the Union.  A portion of the South refused to commit this act of treachery, and now the unjust pretensions of the North are defended; the great exponent of the mediated injustice is supported; those who are faithful to the rights of the South are assaulted and villified; a continued Union, at all hazards, with our oppressors, is lauded as the dictate of the highest patriotism; and surrender and submission everywhere stalks forth, striving to cover its base cowardice, or venality, with the foul hypocrisy of a useful expediency.  Will such a course prevail at the South?  We trust not.  We think not.  We still have faith in the great principles on which all republics are built, and in those virtues which can alone sustain them.  Truth, justice, courage, intelligence, must predominate in the counsels of a free government, or it must fall.  The Southern States have a higher motive than those (if any can be higher) to induce them resolutely to vindicate their rights---the motive of existence!